In the context of the French National Law on Energy Transition for Green Growth (LTECV) and the French National Low Carbon Strategy (SNBC), monitoring the impact of climate change on human dynamic adaptation strategy is crucial for sustainable development.
A local and decentralised approach is favoured for an energy transition strategy coordinated by Public Establishments of Intercommunal Cooperation (EPCI). On this basis, the Territorial Climate Air Energy Plans (PCAET) are particularly important for sustainable, local, and inclusive development at a departmental level.
The MEO-Climate service is directly developed with the objective of regular and operational provision of cartographic data to local authorities and other local or national stakeholder. The task at hand is carried by the means of three indicators meant to support the establishment of the PCAETs in the Gascony SCoT (Territorial Coherence Schemes) and done by providing an informative and coherent cartographic content.
MEO-Climate is offered for the SCoT of Gascony under the form of three indicators:
- WaterReserve: a tool capable of diagnosing changes in agricultural practices for natural water consumption through satellite monitoring and 3D modelling of water reserves and land use.
- GreenEnergy: a tool capable of mapping the existence of solar farms and panels, and classifying the areas with a strong photovoltaic potential (sun exposure, proximity to electricity poles, agricultural land unused…).
- AgriPractice: a tool capable of monitoring agricultural practices and their characteristics (maintenance and nature of the plant cover, grass strips, etc.) to detect hedges and grass strips. To promote Carbon storage through plant coverage and combat soil erosion brought by unused and bare soil.
The three indicators are intended for the concerned local elected officials, departmental services and citizens of the Gascony SCoT. They are particularly relevant in rural areas, where certain land management practices, and especially agriculture and water reserves management, represent important elements of local environmental steering practices.
TERRITORY FOR EXPERIMENTATION
SCoT of Gascony, South-Western France.
- Copernicus – Sentinel-1 & -2
- SPOT 6-7
- Open data: land register, urban planning documents, OpenStreetMap.
- Other data belonging to EPCIs.
RESULTS - FINAL PRODUCTS
MEO-Climate’s indicators will be accessible through a web-based human machine interface developed by MEOSS. The information generated by MEO-Climate could also be directly integrated in already existing information system, e.g. by local authorities.
The information generated by MEO-Climate will be presented in the form of dynamic indicators whose content must be approved by local elected representatives and administrative departments prior to its publication.
23/11/2020: MEO-Climate, official launch in the Gers region
19/07/2021: MEO-Climate: mid-term update